Periodontal treatments differs quite a bit from a routine dental cleaning. In a regular dental cleaning the focus is almost exclusively on cleaning and polishing the teeth above the gum line. These occur at frequently scheduled intervals to ensure that an excess tartar buildup is removed quickly.
In a periodontal treatment, the teeth are thoroughly cleaned below the gum line. This type of deep cleaning is usually recommended for patients who have lost bone support or have inflammation of the gums.
Gum disease results when the gums pull away from the teeth themselves at a depth of four millimeters or greater, due to an excessive amount of tartar buildup that is causing the immune system to trigger a response involving swelling and bleeding gums. Typically, gum disease results from poor routine oral care and a lack of regular professional cleanings. If left unaddressed, this condition can result in teeth loosening, bone loss, and eventually complete loss of the teeth themselves.
During a periodontal deep clean procedure, the area that’s being cleaned will be numbed while the dentist removes the tartar buildup and any other accumulated debris from below the gum line. As a final step, the dentist planes (shapes) the root of each tooth to restore a smooth surface that will not allow places for bacteria or debris to settle.
Immediate after care often includes the prescription of an antibiotic and pain reliever. More frequent follow up visits may be recommended to make sure everything is healing well and any new issues are addressed quickly. After a periodontal deep clean has been completed, scheduling routine cleanings to maintain good dental health is essential. The news patients love to hear is that gum disease is completely curable with proper dental care and the establishment of a strong, daily routine of teeth and gum care.